Monday, 30 June 2014

Spring: Hectic Catch Up

Spring has passed and I have not produced a single post. So here, cobbled together without any real narrative, are some of the pictures I've amassed over the past months. 

For continuity we return where winter left us in the Aberystywth University Vice-Chancellor's garden where, in March, a strange parasite pokes artificial looking purple and white buds through the leaf-litter. Lathraea clandestina is an alien that mostly occurs in gardens and is scattered across the UK. In Aberystwyth it grows at the base of a Metasequoia glyptostroboides a species that is not thought to be a host though the population is not far from its more generally favoured Salicaceous hosts. 

Lathraea clandestina, buds,
SN 59354 82044, March 2014

Lathraea clandestina, flower,
SN 59354 82044, March 2014


And so spring continued and I briefly left the safety of Aberystwyth for a trip north-east to The Ecological Genetics Group Conference in Newcastle. The second day of the conference saw us escape the confines of the hotel and head out to the remains of an old open cast coal mine near Hauxley. It had, as is often the case with old mine workings, been turned into a nature reserve featuring scrapes and hides. The botany was limited and despite the visit being lead by John Richards (of which more later) not a single Taraxacum was investigated. One very large species that was new to me and admired by all for its architectural qualities was Dipsacus laciniatus an uncommon alien of waste places.     


Dipsacus laciniatus, Spring rosette
NU 28323 02379, 14/04/2014

Dipsacus laciniatus, Old heads, 
NU 28323 02379, 14/04/2014


Shortly after returning from Newcastle I travelled to North Wales with Andy Jones for the BSBI Taraxacum Workshop. With events like this somewhere after the fifth or sixth micro-species and its accompanying explanation you begin to realise that you're fighting a loosing battle, characters and names blur, until, eventually, most that remains is an mental soup of undifferentiated Taraxacum. However John Richards descriptions were informative and often amusing. A favourite statement, acquired from the Danish Taraxacologist Hans ├śllgaard, being 'ah, lovely, pedagogic material'. Pedagogic in this sense apparently meaning 'exemplary'. The etymology of which I presume is related to the specimen being perfect for demonstrating the characters of the species. Anyway despite the information overload I did pick up a few species. Taraxacum britannicum a section Celtica species with small involucres with dark tips and erect or adpressed bracts in bud. Taraxacum argutum a section Erythrosperma species with closed capitula and inrolled reddish ligules. Taraxacum insigne a section Ruderalia species with long spoke-like bracts held at right angles to the bud. So three of the 230 or so UK Taraxacum species are now part of my botanical repertoire which is a start I suppose...


Taraxacum britannicum, Treborth, VC49, 24/04/2014


Taraxacum insigne, Aberffraw,
VC52, 25/04/2014

The second Taraxacum day began with a visit to Newborough Warren. Some amusement was had when John Richards initially misidentified what he soon realised to be 'his dandelion' Taraxacum richardsianum. A few plants of this section Nervosa species with its spotted leaves grew in a sandy scrape beside the path. As we picked our way through a minefield of dog poo that spreads out from the car park our Taraxacum list grew with most species turning out to be new county records.


Huddling Taraxcicologists, Newborough Warren, VC52, 25/04/2014

Taraxacum richardsianum, Newborough Warren, VC52, 25/04/2014

As we eventually left the path and headed onto the dunes it began to rain and with lunch time fast approaching it was decided that retreat was the wisest option. Before we turned back we added a few delicate Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma species including the widespread T. oxoniense with its pale bordered bracts. Other spring sand dune flowers were also in abundance including Vicia lathyroides and the dwarf Valerianella locusta var. dunensis


Taraxacum oxoniense, Newborough Warren, VC52, 25/04/2014


Vicia lathyroides, Newborough Warren, VC52, 25/04/2014

As we headed back I made a last effort to find one of the target species for our visit to Newborough. Taraxacum palustre a member of section Palustre and one of the more easily identified Taraxacum species. Local and closely associated with damp calcareous situations Anglesey is one of its strongholds and there were old records for Newborough. Searches in the tall vegetation during the morning had failed to reveal anything but in eventually in short grazed turf I and another member of the party found two small populations. The majority of the plants were clinging to tussocks of Schoenus nigricans. A particullary picturesque one of these showed nicely the closely appressed bracts and undivided leaves that make section Palustre 'unmistakable' in dandelion terms. 


Taraxacum palustre, Newborough Warren, VC52, 25/04/2014

Our last stop was a seemingly unremarkable lane leading up from the edge of the Menai Straits at Foel Farm. By this point I had seen far too many Taraxacums to assimilate any related information. As we were about to leave Richard Price spotted a single plant of Fumaria purpurea in the hedge bank. It turned out to be a noteworthy end to the day as the species had not been recorded from the county for many years.


Fumaria purpurea, Lane near Foel Farm, 
VC52, 25/04/2014

The day after I returned from North Wales and with Taraxacums still plaguing my every waking thought I shipped out to Preston Montford in Shropshire to assist on a University field course. It was a busy week of varied tutorials covering ecology, geology and land-use with eighty undergraduates. Plants had their place and even took centre stage on a few of the days and we saw a few interesting species along the way.


John Warren demonstrates Equisetum spore movement,
The Ercall,  SJ 64425 09556, 29/04/2014

The first afternoon was spent in Ashes Hollow, in a small stream that flows down the east flank of Long Mynd into Little Stretton. While not strictly botanical I did get to indulge my intermittent interest in Coleoptera when a large and distinctive looking Staphylinid with a fine golden pubescence flew into the side of my head. Later research revealed it to be Ontholestes tessellatus a widespread but not common species associated with dung and carrion.  


Ontholestes tessellatus, Ashes Hollow,
Shropshire, SO 42625 93068,
Coll: 27/04/2014


Emperor Moth (Saturnia pavonia),
Barrister's Plain, Shropshire, SO 42600 92750, 27/04/2014

Returning to the minibuses atop Pole Bank John found Teesdalia nudicaulis growing on a knoll by the car-park. This diminutive Crucifer with its neat little spathulate leaves grows in very dry nutrient poor places and is uncommon in the West.  


Teesdalia nudicaulis, Pole Bank,
Shropshire, SO 41741 94305, 27/04/2014

Later days of the trip included visits to a number of other small hills south though Shropshire as well as the Fens to the north. On the penultimate day we visited the Iron Age fort of Nordy Bank in the Brown Clee Hills. The impressive earthworks atop the small hill supported some nice species including Moenchia erecta, Trifolium micranthum and many little Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma that were still a mystery to me. 


Moenchia erecta, Nordy Bank,
Shropshire, SO 57469 84752, 30/04/2014


On the last day we climbed the Stiperstones to look at heather cycles and moorland management for grouse. We passed through some nice fields of upland acid grassland dotted with dewy Viola lutea. In the patchwork of managed heather we stopped to set up basic quadrats and record the handful of species present among which were flowering Vaccinium vitis-idaea and the bronze shoots of  Melampyrum pratense.   


Viola lutea, Stiperstones,
Shropshire, SO 36285 98816, 01/05/2014

Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Stiperstones,
Shropshire, SO 36298 99357, 01/05/2014

So that's spring. Hopefully I'll manage more regular updates for the remainder of the season...